Cannabinoids are chemical substances found in the Cannabis sativa species (and a few other plants). Cannabinoids exist naturally in these plants and are part of their biological structure. It needs to be noted that the cannabinoids found in these plants are technically called “phytocannabinoids”, however that they are organized under the more basic classification of cannabinoids.
You can envision cannabinoids as the active ingredients of a recipe: without them, you would not have a completed product, in this case, the hemp plant. And while cannabinoids are essential, they are just part of the dish. You also need flavonoids and terpenes, however we will explain their interest in another article.
The various cannabinoids in cannabis
Each cannabinoid is a little various from the others, however in the end, we consider that a single hemp plant contains more than a hundred. Among the barriers to comprehending the action of each cannabinoid comes from the fact that they do not all exist in the exact same concentrations. A number of them are just present when the plant is growing, and need to be exposed to light and the environment in order to develop.
Normally, ripe hemp plants (the ones we utilize to draw out CBD) include comparable ratios of cannabinoids, including CBD venture, CBN, CBC and many others. These letters are acronyms of their scientific name and make it possible to distinguish them because of their chemical structure.
In hemp, CBD is the bulk in terms of the quantity of cannabinoids, and the others exist just in negligible quantities. Using really sophisticated equipment, it is possible to separate particular cannabinoids and transform them into consumable products: CBD oils, capsules, lotions, and so on
. Having dozens of cannabinoids on hand is fine, however without any beneficial function, they are of no interest to us and this is where ESA can be found in. Thanks to countless years of evolution, each of us (including including family pets) has an endocannabinoid system (SEC). This distinct regulatory system is able to communicate with cannabinoids by triggering a variety of changes in our bodies.
Cannabinoid receptors and the endocannabinoid system
The endocannabinoid system is a vast network that extends from the main nerve system to the significant organs and almost whatever around it. Cannabinoid receptors are found at numerous points in the ESA. These receptors act as an activation point, just responding when stimulated or prevented by cannabinoids.
When a cannabinoid is consumed (usually orally), it passes through our digestive system where it is broken down by the liver, before being distributed to the body through the blood stream. As it moves through the body, it targets receptors to communicate. Nevertheless, this is not a basic repulsive melee. Cannabinoid receptors generally act on the key and lock concept, which is why some cannabinoids have effects that others do not.
CBD cities, for example, will just communicate with receptors that match its chemical structure. The exact same guideline applies to all other cannabinoids, each connecting with particular receptors found in particular areas of the body. The location of this receptor determines the biological response that will be set off.
There are dozens of cannabinoids and they all have something various
We shared a great deal of information, so it makes sense to wrap-up. CBD is among dozens of cannabinoids in the Cannabis sativa species. Cannabinoids are chemical substances that have the distinct ability to set off changes in our bodies, thanks to the endocannabinoid system. SEC has actually evolved over countless years and exists throughout our bodies.
Its main role is to keep all of our biological systems in balance. This is essential because the body works finest in a state of homeostasis (vibrant balance). Finally, through the intake of cannabinoids, it is possible to motivate a range of subtle biological changes through receptors linked to ESA.
Although CBD is the cannabinoid that intrigues us the most, there are dozens of others, each with its own attributes. We won’t explain in this article, however watch out for a more precise dive into each of them.